Behind The Weave
Before the weaving of any saree, the cotton yarns are dyed into desired colours. It is the process by which the natural silk yarns or cotton yarns are separated from the bundle and dipped into a soap solution, the required dye is mixed into this solution and the yarns are further dipped to absorb the colour and are kept for some time. Then the yarns are taken out and with a rod the excess of water is squeezed out from the dyed yarn. The dyed yarns are kept under the sun to dry.
Combing Of Threads
The dyed and dried yarn is combed and separated by hand, spread across two poles. This helps the yarn retain its colour and also, allows the weaver to apply starch to the threads, making them crisp and ready - for winding the bobbins.
Winding & Warping
Winding is the process of transferring yarn or thread from one type of package to another. It is one of the most important operations and involves the transfer of yarn from a ring bobbin or hank into a convenient form of package containing a considerable long length of yarn.
Warping is the stage after winding. The process involves transferring yarn from a predetermined number of tubes, cones or cheeses positioned on the creel onto a warper's beam or a weaver's beam.
Weaving With Motifs
Weaving is the interlacing of two distinct yarns/threads at right angles to create the fabric/textile. The manipulation of the foot pedals to lift the warp has to be in sync with the throwing of the shuttle which carries the weft yarn. A perfect weave demands coordination between mind and body.
The weaver creates the motif by adding coloured yarns by hand - where sections of colour meet, the pattern threads are twisted (interlocked) around each other, locking them together so they don't come loose. Only the fixed heddles are used and weavers work from the back of the cloth.